Bismarck & Tirpitz

British Aircraft Involved - Bombers

Avro 683 Lancaster

Avro 683 Lancaster
Nationality British
Aircraft Type Heavy Bomber
First Flight 9 January 1941
Entered Service September 1941
Crew 7
Notes The Lancaster was without doubt one of the premier, if not the premier heavy bomber of the second world war. The only aircraft to outlift the mighty Lancaster was the huge B29.
Specification
Powerplant Four 1.640 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin XXIV inline piston engine
Performance
Speed 462 km/h at 3.505 m; cruise 338 km/h at 6.100 m
Range 4.072 km with 7.000 lb bombload
Service Ceiling 7.470 m
Dimensions
Wingspan 31,09 m
Wing Area 120,49 m²
Length 21,18 m
Height 6,10 m
Weights
Empty Weight 16.738 kg
Maximum Take Off Weight 31.751 kg
Weaponry
Guns Eight ,303 in machine guns (two in each of nose and dorsal turrets, four in tail turret)
Bombs etc One 22.000 lb "Grand Slam" bomb; or 14,000 lb of small bombs
Versions
Prototype Converted Manchester III, 1,130 hp Merlin X engines
Mk I Basic Lancaster
Mk B.I (Special) Converted Mk I; extended bomb-bay (without doors) to carry 22,000 lb "Grand Slam" bomb
Mk I (FE) Tropicalised intended for Far Eastern service
Mk PRI Post-war conversion for photographic reconnaissance duties
Mk II Prototype; Improved Mk I with Bristol Hercules VI or XVI engines
II Production model of Mk II
Mk III Prototype (converted from Mk I) with Packard-built Merlin engines
III Production model of Mk III
Mk IV Renamed Lincoln I before first flight
Mk V Renamed Lincoln II before first flight
Mk VI Converted Mk II and Mk III airframes; Fitted with Merlin 85s and 87s
Mk VII Austin Motors built. Martin dorsal turret; Final production model
Mk X Canadian built Mk III