Bismarck & Tirpitz

British Aircraft Involved - Bombers

Vickers Wellington

Vickers Wellington
Nationality British
Aircraft Type Heavy Bomber
First Flight 15 June 1936
Entered Service 10 October 1938
Crew 5 or 6
Notes Details for Mk III. Second aircraft to feature Barnes Wallis' geodesic hull construction. Last Bomber Command operation on 8-9/10/43. but remained in Coastal Command service, Type left service after training duties in 1953. 11.461 had been produced when production ceased in October 1945.
Specification
Powerplant Two 1.500 hp Bristol Hercules XI radial piston engines
Performance
Speed 378 km/h at 4.725 m
Range 2.478 km with 4.500 lb bombload
Service Ceiling 5.790 m
Dimensions
Wingspan 26,26 m
Wing Area 78,04 m²
Length 18,54 m
Height 5,31 m
Weights
Empty Weight 8.459 kg
Maximum Take Off Weight 13.381 kg
Weaponry
Guns Eight 0,303 in machine guns (two in nose, four in tail turret and two in beam positions)
Bombs etc 4.500 lb of bombs
Versions
Mk I Initial production model, at least 11 converted to Magnetic mine destroyers (DWI)
Mk IA Nash and Thompson gun turrets, at least 6 converted to DWI
C.Mk IA Transport conversion of above; later designated Mk XV
Mk IC Most numerous Pegasus-powered variant; ventral turret deleted, replaced by beam guns; One converted to DWI
C.MK iC Transport conversion of above; Later designated Mk XVI
Mk II Two 1.145 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin X engines
Mk III Two 1.375 hp Bristol Hercules III or 1,425 hp Hercules XI; Introduction of 4-gun tail turret
Mk IV Two 1.050 hp Pratt & Whitney twin wasps
Mk V High-altitude bomber, pressurized; Hercules VIII or XIs; 2 prototypes and 1 production
Mk VI As MK V; 1.600 hp Merlin 60 or 62 (inc 18 Mk V conversions)
Mk VII Merlin XX-powered conversion; prototype only
G.R. MK VIII General-reconnaissance/torpedo bomber variant; 378 km/h speed and 4.104 km range. Two depth charges or torpedoes in place of bombs
Mk VIII Coastal Command version of basic Mk IC bomber, ASV MK II radar; produced in day, night and leigh-light carrying versions
Mk IX Troop-carrier version of Mk IA
Mk X Medium Bomber; strengthened for higher gross weight; two 1.675 hp Bristol Hercules VI or XVIs; most numerous variant
G.R.Mk XI Coastal Command version of Mk X, ASV Mk II or III radar
G.R.Mk XII Anti-submarine variant of above; ASV mk III radar and Leigh-light
G.R.Mk XIII 1.715 hp Hercules XVII-powered daylight torpedo-bomber with ASV MK II radar
G.R.Mk XIV Leigh-light and ASV MK III radar-equipped night version of above
C.Mk XV C.Mk IA unarmed transport version
C.Mk XVI C.Mk IC transport conversion
T.Mk XVII Night-fighter crew trainer conversion of Mk XI
T.Mk XVIII Flying classroom, Mosquito-type node with radar
T.Mk XIX Post-war basic trainer; Conversion of Mk X