Bismarck & Tirpitz

British Aircraft Involved - Fighters

Supermarine Spitfire

Supermarine Spitfire
Nationality British
Aircraft Type Fighter
First Flight 5 March 1936
Entered Service 14 May 1938
Crew 1
Notes This design resulted in the Air Ministry drawing up Specification F.37/34 around the design and ordering it into production. Nearly 23.000 of all marks were built. This aircraft was built in more numbers and more versions than any other Allied aircraft outside the Soviet Union.
Specification
Powerplant One 1.030 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin III piston engine
Performance
Speed 594 km/h at 5.945 m
Range 1.827 km
Service Ceiling 11.125 m
Dimensions
Wingspan 11,23 m
Wing Area 22,48 m²
Length 9,12 m
Height 3,02 m
Weights
Empty Weight 2.267 kg
Maximum Take Off Weight 2.911 kg
Weaponry
Guns Eight wing mounted 0,303 in machine guns with 350 rounds per gun
Bombs etc None
Versions
Prototype Initial production model
Mk IA Modified Mk I; ASH radar
Mk IB F.Mk I conversion to F.R. Mk I standard; ASH radar
Mk I (P.R.) Night-fighter version; F.R. Mk I conversions; Exhaust shrouds
Mk IIA Night-fighter version; Lengethened nose. A I. Mk 10 radar
Mk IIB Modified Mk IIA; Two 20 mm Hispanio cannon and four 0,303 in Brownings
Mk IIC Air-Sea-Rescue; fifty Mk II conversions; later redesignated A.S.R.II; eight 0,303 in Browning machines guns
Mk III Several experimental conversions; 1.390 hp Merlin XX also Merlin 60 and 61
Mk V Series 1.470 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin 45M, 50M or 55M engine; Clipped wings, top speed 756 km/h and a range of 756 km; Armament was two 20 mm Hispanio cannon, four 0,303 in Browning guns; some modified to carry max bomb load of 500 lb
Mk IV 7.135 hp Rolls-Royce Griffon IIB (experimental prototype version only) later modified to prototypes Mk XII and Mk XX
P.R. Mk IV Unarmed photo-reconnaissance Mk V (Type D) version; some tropicalised
Mk VA: FVA Medium altitude version; Mk II development eight 0,303 Browning machine guns and a Merlin 45 engine
Mk VA: LFVA Low altitude version; Mk II development eight 0,303 Browning machine guns and a Merlin 45 engine
Mk VB: FVB Medium altitude version: Two Hispanio cannon and four Brownings
Mk VB: LFVB Low altitude version: Two Hispanio cannon and four Brownings
Mk VC: FVC Medium altitude version: Universal wing allowing for either A or B type armament or four 20 mm Hispanio cannon
Mk VC: LFVC Low altitude version: Universal wing allowing for either A or B type armament or four 20 mm Hispanio cannon
Mk VC: HFVC High altitude version: Universal wing allowing for either A or B type armament or four 20 mm Hispanio cannon
P.R.Mk V Photo-reconnaissance (Type C) version; Later redesignated P.R.Mk IV; some converted to Types E and F
H.F.Mk VI As H.F.Mk V with pressurised cabin; Merlin 47 and extended wing
Mk VII F.VII and H.F.VII; redesignated Mk VI with Merlin 61, 64, 71 or 75
P.R.Mk VII Photo-reconnaissance Mk V service conversions; eight 0,303 in Brownings
Mk VIII F.VIII, L.F.VIII and H.F.VIII; modified Mk VII; unpressurised; all tropicalised
Mk VIII Trainer Post-war 2-seat trainer; armament optional; Mk VIII conversions
F.Mk IX 1.565 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin 61 or 1.650 hp Merlin 63 engine; 655 km/h speed and a 1.576 km range. Two 20 mm Hispanio cannon and four 0,303 in Browning guns, some modified to carry maximum bomb load of 1.000 lb
Mk IX, F.IX, L.F.IX and H.F.IX Medium, Low and high altitude version respectively; Modified Mk V with strengthened engine mounting for Merlin 61 series
Mk IXE, F.IXE, L.F.IXE and H.F.IXE Versions as above; but with E type wing with two 20mm cannon and two 0,5 in Browning machine guns
Mk IX Trainer Post-war 2-seat trainer; Armament optional, MK IX conversions
P.R.Mk IX Unarmed photo-reconnaissance; Service modification of Mk IX
P.R.Mk X Unarmed photo-reconnaissance; Pressurised cabin; Merlin 77
P.R.Mk XI Unarmed photo-reconnaissance; Modified Mk IX; Some tropicalised
F. Mk XIV 2.035 hp Rols-Royce Griffon 65 or 66; 721 km/h speed; Two 20 mm Hispanio Mk II cannon and two 0.5 in Browning machine guns with 500 lb bomb or Mk IX rockets
Mk XII Rolls-Royce Griffon III or VI; clipped wing, faired engine cowling
P.R. MK XIII Photo-reconnaissance; eighteen Mk V conversion; Merlin 32; four 0,303 in Browning machine guns
F.Mk XIV/XIVE Modified Mk VIII; universal or E type wing; lengthened nose' increased fin and rudder area; some with all-round vision canopy
F.R. MK XIV/XIVE Fighetr reconnaissance; Modified F.Mk XIV; all with cut-down rear fuselage and all-round vision canopy
L.F.Mk XVI Low-altitude fighter; 1.580 hp (Packard built) Merlin 266-engined MK IX
F./F.R.Mk XVIII Fighter and fighter-reconnaissance; developments of Mk XIV, tropicalised
P.R.M XIX Unarmed photo-reconnaissance; Modified Mk XIV, most with pressurised cabin and tropicalised
F.21/22/24 Post-war fighter variants
Seafire See seperate entry; Seafire