Bismarck & Tirpitz

German Aircraft Involved - Fighters

Messerschmitt bf 109

Messerschmitt bf 109
Nationality German
Aircraft Type Fighter
Manufacturer Bayerische Flugzeugwerke, renamed Messerschmitt AG in 1938
First Flight May 1935 (bf 109A). Test pilot was Hans-Dietrich "Bubi" Knoetzsch
Entered Service February 1937
Crew 1
Notes Technical details refer to the Messerschmitt bf 109E-3
Specification
Powerplant One Daimler-Benz DB 601Aa 12 cylinder inverted-vee liquid-cooled engine rated at 1.175 horsepower for take off.
Performance
Speed 467 km/h (290 m.p.h.) at sea level.
494 km/h (307 m.p.h.) at 1.000 m. (3.280 ft).
518 km/h (322 m.p.h.) at 2.000 m. (6.560 ft)
560 km/h (348 m.p.h.) at 4.400 m. (14.560 ft)
542 km/h (336 m.p.h.) at 6.000 m. (19.685 ft)
Maximum continued cruise: 483 km/h (300 m.p.h.) at 4.000 m. (13.120 ft)
Range cruise: 325 km/h (202 m.p.h.) at 1.000 m. (3.280 ft)
Range cruise: 338 km/h (210 m.p.h.) at 2.000 m. (6.560 ft)
Range cruise: 375 km/h (233 m.p.h.) at 7.000 m. (22.965 ft)
Range 660 km (410 miles)
Service Ceiling 10.500 m. (34.450 ft.)
Dimensions
Wingspan 9,87 m (32 ft. 4,5 in.)
Wing Area 16,17 m² (174,053 sq. ft.)
Length 8,64 m (28 ft. 4,5 in.)
Height 2,50 m (8 ft. 2 1/3 in.)
Weights
Weight (empty) 1.900 kg (4.189 lb.)
Weight (empty equipped) 2.125 kg (4.685 lb)
Weight (maximum take off) 2.665 kg (5.875 lb)
Weaponry
Guns Two 20 mm (Oerlikon) MG FF mounted in the wings with 60 rounds per gun.
Two 79 mm Rheinmetall Borsig MG 17 mounted above engine with 1.000 rounds per gun.
The Messerschmitt bf 109F and Messerschmitt bf 109G was equipped with one engine mounted cannon replacing the wing mounted machine guns.
Versions
bf 109A Prototype, May 1935 (different versions)
bf 109B Delivered from February 1937
bf 109C Spring 1938
bf 109D 1938
bf 109E 1938
bf 109F November 1940
bf 109G Early 1942
bf 109K 1944
Roll of Honour
Bismarck Operation "Rheinübung" (aircover)
Tirpitz In Norway (aircover)